Water is the most important natural component necessary to keep living. We get water from many resources, but not all the water we get from several mediums is usable. Not only that, using the wrong kind of water can get cause many complications starting from substance degradation to many diseases. That is why, it is important for us to know which water we can use and which we can not.
Water is basically divided into soft water and hard water. Hard water is the kind of water that contains lots of minerals, specially high amount of Calcium and Magnesium ions. On the other hand, soft water contains less minerals and hence, is less corrosive and causes less complexities.
So, from this, we can understand that soft water is the type we can use for our daily life activities. But what is soft water? And where do we get it? That is what we will talk about in this article from https://www.watersoftenergurus.com today.
What is water softening?
Water softening is a process by which hard water is made into soft, usable water. Basically, we can say that, by removing Calcium and Magnesium ions, we can make soft water. This is a great way to get rid of the problems that using hard water causes in our daily life. There are certain ways to make soft water.
Methods of water softening
There are basically two ways to make water soft. These are as follows
1.lon removal/Ion exchange
As we have said before, hard water contains loads of minerals, mainly Calcium and Magnesium ions. So, we can make soft water by removing these ions from the water. This is not a simple process. Briefly, we can say that, in water ion exchange occurs when a brine solution is added. So, as a result through exchanging of ions, Magnesium and Calcium can be removed.
This is usually done when a small amount of water is needed. In this process, at first distillation is normally done, through which we get vaporized water. After that, this water is inserted in a cooling unit where it is condensed. Usually, this water is free of all kinds of impurities along with the minerals that make the water hard.
There are also a few other processes such as reverse osmosis, regeneration and so on. Through these methods, water can be softened as well.
Which type of water can be softened?
This is very important to know. As not only will it save your time, but also your money and equipment.
Not all kinds of water can be softened economically. There are a few kinds of hard water that can be changed to soft water. But the others can not be changed, or it needs a lot of effort to change which is not really economical.
To know what water we can purify, we need to know this. There are two types of hard water. One is temporary and one is permanent. From the names of the types, we understand that temporary hardness can be removed more easily. Permanent hardness, on the other hand, involves boiling which is not economical, and so, it is important to know the differences before attempting to soften any water.
How water softeners work
There are not too many types of softeners available in the market. But the most used type of softener is the kind that follows ion exchange mechanism. Through this, Magnesium and Calcium ions can be removed through ion exchange mechanism.
Another type of softener is the DIR or Demand initiated regeneration water softeners. This is the most common type of softener in the market. But as it follows a certain schedule, most people think this is a waste of money and supplies less softened water than it is expected to.
Water softening is a very useful process as the amount of water needed for our daily tasks is way more than we can afford to get. So, it is important for us to learn the methods of water softening and try to produce soft water on our own.